Tuesday, January 17, 2017

India is Prodigal To Educate its Young Populace

In India there are four states which have the lowest literacy rates according to the Census 2011. These states are- Bihar, Madhya Pradesh (MP), Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh (UP). Out of the 1.2 billion population of the nation 445.1 million people coming from these states are apparently out of basic level literacy. Being the leading education portal in India let’s contemplate why the country has some adverse scenario being in the track of progress?

By 2020 India will have the largest population with approx 869 million. However the reports say that India is still inefficient to educate its young population. The recent survey was conducted in the four states of Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh on the base of literacy, school enrollment, learning effects, and education with 43.6% of India's school-age population between the ages of five and fourteen.

In terms of literacy level the country has wide variation exists across the individual states. Census reports highlight that India's literacy rate has improved 8.66 points to 74.04% between 2001 and 2011.

Literacy rates of the states 
Bihar had a literacy rate of 61.8%, Rajasthan of 67.1%, UP of 67.7 %and MP a rate of 70.6% in 2011, less than the all-India average of 74%. Kerala has a literacy level of 94%, the highest in the country. School results are also inferior in the four BIMARU states.

At present, only 2.5% of school-age children between the ages of 5 and 14 from these four states - Kerala, Mizoram, Tripura and Goa - with the highest literacy percentage in India, in comparison to 43.6% in the four BIMARU states, said Census 2011.

In Maharashtra, the literacy rate was 82.3% in 2011. Whereas the predictable life anticipation rate for those took birth during 2011-16 was 70.4 years, declared in the Population Reference Bureau report. In comparison, MP, with an inferior literacy rate of 70.6%, also held a lower estimated life expectancy rate of 61.5 years for 2011-16. School admission is thus affected by a number of factors such as parent's education, domestic wealth, midday meals, infrastructure and more.

Pass percentage in schools 
During 2014-15, fewer students got promoted from standard five to grade six in UP, with a transition rate of 79.1%. While a small state like Goa, had a transition rate of almost 100% in 2014-15, according to data from the Unified District Information System for Education.
Petrifying education condition of some states.

In MP, hardly 34.1% of children in grade 5 have the capability to read a grade II text in 2014, where the percentage was 75.2 in Himachal Pradesh, as per the Annual Status of ASER 2014. Correspondingly, in Rajasthan, 45.9% of children in grade V could "at least" withhold compared to 87.4% in Mizoram.

Major obstructions in educational development 

The efficiency of India's young population would have a growth on the process of advancement in health, education and employment prospects, according to a 2013 study of in Asia and Pacific Policy Studies. Life expectancy at birth, one of the crying factors found to disservice the literacy in India, according to a 2005 World Bank study, varies across states.

Still, the BIMARU states spend less on educational development than their more literate equivalents. For example MP spends Rs 11,927 ($175) per student, while Tamil Nadu spends Rs 16,914 per student, the Economic and Political Weekly reported in September 2016.

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